Flash Updates:

Before

  • Have adequate winter clothing. Multiple layers of clothing is also useful.
  • Have emergency supplies ready.

During

  • Stay indoors as much as possible, minimise travel to prevent exposure to cold wind.
  • Keep dry. If wet, change clothes quickly to prevent loss of body heat.
  • Prefer mittens over gloves; mittens provide more warmth and insulation from cold.
  • Listen to radio, watch TV, read newspapers for weather updates
  • Drink hot drinks regularly.
  • Don’t drink alcohol. It reduces your body temperature.
  • Take care of elderly people and children.
  • Store adequate water as pipes may freeze.
  • Watch out for symptoms of frostbite like numbness, white or pale appearance on fingers, toes, ear lobes and the tip of the nose.
  • Do not massage the frostbitten area. This can cause more damage.
  • Put the areas affected by frostbite in warm — not hot — water (the temperature should be comfortable to touch for unaffected parts of the body).
  • Do not ignore shivering. It is an important first sign that the body is losing heat and a signal to quickly return indoors.

In the case of hypothermia:

  • Get the person into a warm place and change his/her clothes
  • Warm the person’s body with skin-to-skin contact, dry layers of blankets, clothes, towels, or sheets.
  • Give warm drinks to help increase body temperature. Do not give alcohol.
  • Seek medical attention if the condition worsens.