- Have adequate winter clothing. Multiple layers of clothing is also useful.
- Have emergency supplies ready.
- Stay indoors as much as possible, minimise
travel to prevent exposure to cold wind.
- Keep dry. If wet, change clothes quickly to
prevent loss of body heat.
- Prefer mittens over gloves; mittens provide
more warmth and insulation from cold.
- Listen to radio, watch TV, read newspapers
for weather updates
- Drink hot drinks regularly.
- Don’t drink alcohol. It reduces your body
- Take care of elderly people and children.
- Store adequate water as pipes may freeze.
- Watch out for symptoms of frostbite like
numbness, white or pale appearance on
fingers, toes, ear lobes and the tip of the
- Do not massage the frostbitten area. This
can cause more damage.
- Put the areas affected by frostbite in warm
— not hot — water (the temperature should
be comfortable to touch for unaffected
parts of the body).
- Do not ignore shivering. It is an important
first sign that the body is losing heat and a
signal to quickly return indoors.
In the case of hypothermia:
- Get the person into a warm place and
change his/her clothes
- Warm the person’s body with skin-to-skin
contact, dry layers of blankets, clothes,
towels, or sheets.
- Give warm drinks to help increase body
temperature. Do not give alcohol.
- Seek medical attention if the condition