Flash Updates:

FOR INDIVIDUALS

Before

  • Consult a structural engineer to make your house earthquake resilient.
  • Know your seismic zone and carry out necessary structural changes in your house.
  • Preserve the design and layout drawings of your house for future reference.
  • Repair deep plaster cracks on walls and ceilings
  • Fasten shelves securely to walls; place heavy / large objects on lower shelves. Provide strong support to power and gas appliances
  • Prepare an emergency kit with essential items for safety and survival.
  • Develop an emergency communication and evacuation plan for your family.
  • Learn the technique of ‘Drop-Cover-Hold’.
  • Avoid flood plains and filled-up areas for construction as far as possible.
  • Educate yourself and family members about earthquake risk.

During

  • Stay calm. Do Not Panic. If you’re indoors, stay inside. If you’re outside, stay outside.
  • Don’t use matches, candles, or any flame. Broken gas lines and fire don’t mix.
  • If you’re in a car, stop the car and stay inside until the earthquake stops.
  • Drop under a table; Cover your head with one hand and Hold the table till the tremors last
  • Stay away from mirrors and windows. Do not exit the building while the earth is still shaking.
  • Move outside as soon as the tremors stop. Do not use a lift.
  • When outside, move away from buildings, trees, walls and poles/electric lines.
  • When inside a vehicle, pull over in an open place and remain inside; avoid bridges.
  • When in a structurally safe building, stay inside until shaking stops.
  • Protect yourself by staying in the corner/ under a strong table or bed/ an inside wall away from mirrors and windows.
  • If near an exit, leave the building as soon as possible.
  • If inside an old and weak structure, take the fastest and safest way out.

After

  • Do not enter damaged buildings.
  • If trapped in rubble:
    • —Do not light a matchstick.
    • — Cover your mouth with a cloth.
    • —Cover your mouth with a cloth.
    • — Tap on a pipe or a wall
    • —Sound a whistle.
    • —Shout only as a last resort. This will help you conserve energy
  • Use stairs and not lifts or elevators.
  • Move cautiously, and check for unstable objects and other hazards above and around you. Check yourself for injuries.
  • Anticipate aftershocks, especially after a major earthquake
  • Stay away from beaches. Tsunamis and seiches sometimes hit after the ground has stopped shaking.
  • Do not spread and/ or believe in rumours
  • Leave a message stating where you are going if you must evacuate your house.
  • Do not drive around the damaged areas as rescue and relief operations need roads for mobility
  • Do not attempt to cross bridges/flyovers, which may have been damaged

Community

  • Practice Drop, Cover, Hold drills regularly
  • Practice evacuation drills regularly.
  • Ensure that exit routes are marked and fire fighting equipment is working properly, especially in high-rise buildings.