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- Consult a structural engineer to make your
house earthquake resilient.
- Know your seismic zone and carry out
necessary structural changes in your
- Preserve the design and layout drawings of
your house for future reference.
- Repair deep plaster cracks on walls and
- Fasten shelves securely to walls; place
heavy / large objects on lower shelves.
Provide strong support to power and gas
- Prepare an emergency kit with essential items for safety and survival.
- Develop an emergency communication and
evacuation plan for your family.
- Learn the technique of ‘Drop-Cover-Hold’.
- Avoid flood plains and filled-up areas for
construction as far as possible.
- Educate yourself and family members
about earthquake risk.
- Stay calm. Do Not Panic. If you’re indoors,
stay inside. If you’re outside, stay outside.
- Don’t use matches, candles, or any flame.
Broken gas lines and fire don’t mix.
- If you’re in a car, stop the car and stay
inside until the earthquake stops.
- Drop under a table; Cover your head with
one hand and Hold the table till the tremors
- Stay away from mirrors and windows. Do
not exit the building while the earth is still
- Move outside as soon as the tremors stop.
Do not use a lift.
- When outside, move away from buildings,
trees, walls and poles/electric lines.
- When inside a vehicle, pull over in an open
place and remain inside; avoid bridges.
- When in a structurally safe building, stay
inside until shaking stops.
- Protect yourself by staying in the corner/
under a strong table or bed/ an inside wall
away from mirrors and windows.
- If near an exit, leave the building as soon as
- If inside an old and weak structure, take
the fastest and safest way out.
- Do not enter damaged buildings.
- If trapped in rubble:
- —Do not light a matchstick.
- — Cover your mouth with a cloth.
- —Cover your mouth with a cloth.
- — Tap on a pipe or a wall
- —Sound a whistle.
- —Shout only as a last resort. This will
help you conserve energy
- Use stairs and not lifts or elevators.
- Move cautiously, and check for unstable
objects and other hazards above and
around you. Check yourself for injuries.
- Anticipate aftershocks, especially after a
- Stay away from beaches. Tsunamis and
seiches sometimes hit after the ground has
- Do not spread and/ or believe in rumours
- Leave a message stating where you are
going if you must evacuate your house.
- Do not drive around the damaged areas as
rescue and relief operations need roads for
- Do not attempt to cross bridges/flyovers,
which may have been damaged
- Practice Drop, Cover, Hold drills regularly
- Practice evacuation drills regularly.
- Ensure that exit routes are marked and fire
fighting equipment is working properly,
especially in high-rise buildings.