- Prepare and practice a response plan for
residential and office complexes.
- Regularly carry out and practice fire rescue
drills such as stop, drop, and roll.
- Ensure that all residents/visitors are
periodically trained to face different
emergency situations and provide first aid.
- Ensure that smoke alarms are fitted in
buildings and are functional.
- Try to make your residential building,
office premises, etc. ‘No Smoking’ zones.
If you absolutely need to, create a separate
- Be familiar with the exit routes.
- Keep the exit routes /staircases free of
any obstructions. Periodically check evacuation routes for obstruction, if any.
- Ensure that there is enough open area
and wide roads available in and around
your home and office premises to ensure
easy access and movement of emergency
- Ensure that exit routes are marked and fire
fighting equipment is working properly in
your office premises and residential area.
- Ensure that your house and office premises
have a first aid kit placed at every segment.
- Do not leave any open fire unattended.
- Do not accumulate old newspapers or
combustible materials in your house
- Do not burn waste, dry leaves or vegetation.
Always dispose of through appropriate
- Do not store flammable liquids in the
- Always keep matches and lighters locked
away from children.
- Do not keep papers, clothes and flammable
liquids near heaters/stoves/open chulhas.
- Keep LPG gas stoves on a raised platform;
do not keep them on the floor.
- Turn off the gas cylinder valve and knob of
the gas stove after cooking.
- Don’t throw matches, cigarette butts, etc.
in waste baskets.
- Don’t place oil lamps, agarbattis or candles
on wooden floor or near combustible
- Don’t wear loose, flowing and synthetic
clothes while cooking.
- Never reach for any article over a fire.
- Always evaluate the electric load
requirement for your premises and
ensure that the power company supplies
electricity accordingly. This will help avoid
heating due to overload.
- Use standard electrical appliances,
switches and fuses, etc. to prevent fire
from electrical short circuit. Also, ensure
that there are enough Earth-leakage
Circuit Breakers (ELCBs) to prevent short
- Regularly check for loose electrical
connections. Do not run electric wires /
cords under carpets or in congested areas.
- Switch off electrical appliances after use
and remove plugs from the socket.
- Switch off the ‘Mains’ when leaving home
for a long duration.
- Don’t plug too many electrical appliances
in one socket.
- Ensure that there are no major electric
installations near day-to-day usage area.
In Case of a fire:
- Raise an alarm and inform the Fire Brigade.
- Do not panic; Stay calm
- Unplug all electrical appliances.
- Try to extinguish the fire with available
- Close the doors and other openings. Place
a wet cloth under the doors to stop the smoke from spreading. Use a wet cloth to
cover your mouth to filter inhalation.
- Exit immediately if the fire is out of control.
- Do not go back for your possessions.
- In case of burn injuries due to fire, pour
water over burn until pain subsides.
If you are trapped by a fire:
- Stay close to the floor if smoke permeates
- Before opening a door, check it for heat.
Use the back of your hand to test the
temperature at the top of the door, the
knob and the frame before opening. If it is
hot, do not open.
- If you are unable to escape through a
door, use a window. However, if it is too
high to jump from a window, try to attract
attention by waving something.
- If you can leave the room, close the door
behind you - this will slow down the
progress of the fire. Crawl low.
- If your clothes catch fire, drop to the
ground and roll to extinguish flames.
In case you hear the fire alarm:
- Leave the premises by the nearest available
- Close all doors and windows behind you.
- Do not use lifts. Use staircases
- On arrival of the fire service, help them to
- Give way to fire engines to enable them to
reach the spot quickly
- Don’t park your vehicles close to fire
hydrants/underground static water tanks.
- Guide firemen to water sources i.e. tube
wells, ponds, static tanks, etc.