Prevention and Preparednes
- Keep emergency contact numbers of
district fire service department and local
forest authorities handy.
- Immediately inform them in case of an
unattended or out-of-control fire
- Never leave a fire unattended in the
vicinity of forested areas. Completely
extinguish the fire by dousing it with water
and stirring the ashes until cold.
- Be careful while using and fuelling
lanterns, stoves and heaters during
camping. Make sure lighting and heating
devices are cooled before refuelling. Avoid
spilling flammable liquids and store fuel
away from appliances.
- Do not discard cigarettes, matches and
smoking materials while passing through
- Do not burn stubble, municipal waste, etc.
next to a forest area.
- Do not burn dry waste in farms close to
- Know your evacuation route(s). Keep
emergency supplies ready.
- Practice evacuation drills regularly.
Determine safe meeting locations.
Evacuation in case of forest
- Evacuate immediately on instructions from
- Take precautions for protection from flying
sparks and ashes
- Untie cattle to ensure their safety.
Before leaving your house
- Remove all combustibles, including
firewood, yard waste, cooking gas cylinders
and fuel cans, etc. from your yard
- Close all windows, vents, and doors to
- Fill large vessels with water to limit the
spreading of fire. It can also be used for
- Cut down bushes and hedges close to the
house to isolate the house from fire.
- Clear all gully and roof spaces of leaves.
- Spray water to dampen house roof, walls
and any trees and foliage adjacent to the
- Close shutters, blinds or any noncombustible window coverings to reduce
- Keep the radio ON for official
If caught in a forest fire in an
- Don’t try to outrun the blaze. Instead, look
for a static water body such as a pond or a
river to take refuge until the fire passes. Do
not take refuge in a fast river or stream
- Ifthere is nowater nearby,find a depressed,
cleared area with little vegetation, lie low
to the ground and cover your body with
wet clothes, a blanket, or soil until the fire
- Breathe through a moist cloth, if possible,
to avoid inhaling smoke.
- Take shelter in an area with little or no fuel
to feed the fire.
If trapped at home in a forest
- Stay calm. As the fire front approaches,
retreat inside the house. It is probable that
the fire will pass before the house burns
- If a closed door is hot to the touch, do not
open it as there may be fire on the other
If caught in a vehicle in forest
- Stay in your vehicle. It is less dangerous
than trying to outrun a forest fire on foot.
- Close windows and air vents.
- Drive slowly with headlights full on
- Watch carefully for other vehicles and
people on foot
- Do not drive through heavy smoke. If you
can’t see what’s ahead, don’t risk danger
In case you must stop:
- Park as far as possible from trees and
- Keep lights on and the engine off
- Stay on the floor of your vehicle.
- Cover your body with anything nonflammable.
- Do not panic if smoke and sparks enter the
vehicle as fuel tanks rarely explode.