Must for All
- Listen to Radio; watch TV; read Newspaper
for local weather news or download
weather information related mobile app.
- Drink sufficient water - even if not thirsty.
Persons with epilepsy or heart, kidney or
liver disease who are on fluid-restricted
diets; or have a problem with fluid retention
should consult a doctor before increasing
- Use ORS (Oral Rehydration Solution),
homemade drinks like lassi, torani (rice
water), lemon water, buttermilk, coconut
water, etc. to keep yourself hydrated
- Wear lightweight, light-coloured, loose,
- If outside, cover your head: Use a cloth, hat
or umbrella. Use sunglasses to protect your eyes and sunscreen to protect your skin.
- Get trained in first aid.
- Take special care for the elderly, children,
sick or overweight as they are more likely
to become victims of excessive heat.
- Grow more trees.
Employers and Workers
- Provide cool drinking water at the
- Provide resting shade clean water,
buttermilk, first-aid kits with ice-packs
and ORS (Oral Rehydration Solution) for all
- Caution workers to avoid direct sunlight.
- Schedule strenuous jobs to cooler times of
- Increasing the frequency and length of rest
breaks for outdoor activities
- Give lighter work and shorter hours to
workers new to a high heat area.
- Pregnant women and workers with
a medical condition should be given
- Notify workers about heat wave alerts
- Stay indoors as much as possible.
- Traditional remedies like onion salad and
raw mango with salt and cumin can prevent
- Never leave children or pets alone in a
- Use fans, damp clothing and take a bath in
cold water frequently.
- Offer water to vendors and delivery people
who come to your home or office.
- Use public transport and car-pooling. This will help reduce global warming and heat.
- Don’t burn dry leaves, agriculture residue
- Conserve water bodies. Practice rainwater
- Use energy-efficient appliances, clean fuel
and alternative sources of energy
- If you feel dizzy or ill, see a doctor
immediately or ask somebody to take you
to the doctor immediately.
For a cooler home
- Use solar reflective white paint, cool roof
technology, air-light and cross ventilation
and thermocol insulation for low-cost
cooling. You can also keep haystacks or
grow vegetation on roofs.
- Install temporary window reflectors such
as aluminium foil-covered cardboard to
reflect heat back outside
- Keep your home cool, use dark colour
curtains, tinted glass/ shutters or
sunshade and open windows at night. Try
to remain on the lower floors
- Green roofs, green walls and indoor
plants reduce heat by cooling the building
naturally, reducing air-conditioning
requirements and release of waste heat.
- Maintain AC temperature at 24 degrees or
higher. This will reduce your electricity bill
and make your health better.
While constructing a new
- Use cavity wall technology instead of
- Construct thick walls. They keep the
- Construct lattice walls and louvered
openings. They allow maximum air flow
while blocking the heat.
- Use natural materials like lime or mud to
- Avoid glass, if possible.
- Consult a Building Technology expert
- Keep animals in shade and give them
plenty of clean and cold water to drink.
- Do not make them work between 11am to
- Cover the shed roof with straw, paint it
white or plaster with dung-mud to reduce
- Use fans, water spray and foggers in the
- During extreme heat, spray water and take
cattle to a water body to cool off
- Give them green grass, protein-fat bypass supplement, mineral mixture and salt.
Make them graze during cooler hours.
- Avoid going out in the sun, especially
between 12.00 noon and 3.00 p.m
- Avoid strenuous activities when outside in
- Do not go out barefoot
- Avoid cooking during peak hours. Open
doors and windows to ventilate cooking
- Avoid alcohol, tea, coffee and carbonated
soft drinks, which dehydrates the body.
- Avoid high-protein, salty, spicy and oily
food. Do not eat stale food.
- Do not leave children or pets in parked
- Avoid using incandescent light bulbs which may generate unnecessary heat, as
can computers or appliances.
Tips for treatment of a person
affected by sunstroke:
- Use a wet cloth / pour water on the victim’s
- Give the person ORS to drink or lemon
sarbat / torani or whatever is useful to
rehydrate the body.
- Take the person immediately to the nearest
- If consistently experiencing high body
temperature, throbbing headache,
dizziness, weakness, nausea or
disorientation in the summer, call an